The medical treatment process of bone marrow transplant involves changing bone marrow cancer cells with healthy ones. The source of these replacement cells either be a donor or your body.
To be specific we’re talking about stem cell transplant here, more specifically, hematopoietic stem cell transplant. Transplantation is meant to treat certain cancer types like myeloma, leukemia, and lymphoma with other immune systems and blood diseases affecting bone marrow.
Working of Bone Marrow transplant
Here we tell the process of ALLO and AUTO transplants. Generally, each process involves the collection of replacement stem cells, a patient who gets treatments for making their body ready for transplant, the day of the actual transplant, and finally the time is taken for recovery.
A little tube is placed often in the chest of the patient remaining through the process of transplant. It is often known as a catheter. The health care experts offer you chemotherapy, medications, and transfusions through the catheter. It reduces the needles on the skin, as patients would also need frequent blood tests with other treatments in a transplant procedure.
Note that bone marrow transplants are complicated medical processes and certain steps can happen sometimes in another order or during a different period, for personalization of specific care. You can ask your oncologist whether the procedure with happening in a medical facility for different steps, and for how much time if they ask you to do so. It is best to consult your medical care provider about all important things that will happen, before, during, and after the transplant.
AUTO Transplant Working Process
Step 1 – Stem Cell Gathering – The steps would have to be completed in several days. Firstly, you get injections to increase stem cell count. Later the health care experts get samples of the stem cells from a chest or arm vein. The stem cells are stored until doctors need them.
Step 2 – Treatment Pre-transplant – This step involves a long time, around 5 to 10 days. You’ll get high-dose chemotherapy. Patients also occasionally get radiation therapy to prepare for treatment.
Step 3 – Getting back stem cells – The actual transplant process is this step. It takes around 30 min for each stem cell dose. It is known as an infusion. The team of healthcare experts carries back stem cells into the bloodstream with a catheter. One or more infusions can be needed.
Step 4 – The Recovery Process – The doctors closely monitor the cell’s growth and recovery and prescribe antibiotics to lessen infection. The health care team also works to treat side effects.
Working on ALLO transplant
Step 1 – Identification of donor – You should find a matching donor before starting the ALLO leukemia bone marrow transplant procedure. Blood testing is done to get HLA type. Then the team of healthcare experts directs you to do an HLA test on prospective donors in the family, and when needed, to look for any volunteer registry of any donors who are not related to the patient.
Step 2 – stem cell collection from the donor – the cells are collected from either the bone marrow or the blood of your donor. For bloodstream cells, the donor gets daily medication shorts to get more white blood cells before cell collection. If stem cells are available from bone marrow, the donor has a bone marrow harvest procedure in the operating room of the hospital.
Step 3 – Treatment pre-transplant – The step takes around 5 to 7 days to finish. Chemotherapy is with or without any radiation therapy which prepares the body to get donor cells.
Step 4: Getting cells from the donor – This is your day of the transplant. The health care expert pulls or infuses the cells of the donor into the bloodstream with the catheter. The process is completed in under an hour.
Final step – Recovery – At the beginning of the recovery phase you are prescribed antibiotics to lessen the infection risk with other drugs, including medications to manage or prevent GVHD. The medical care provider team also treats any transplant side effects.
The leukemia bone marrow transplant procedure can be difficult to bear and can result in various side effects with both short-term and long-term effects. However, it is a very successful leukemia treatment process for recovery.
Gift of Life Marrow Registry
Phone: (800) 962-7769